House in Immaculata, PA. To help support the family, the older children took on part time jobs and, when no longer in school, continued to live with and support their mother. Social Security hadn't been established until 1934, so Nanna didn't receive any government benefits through that venue when Grandpop died.
According to my brother, John, Grandpop died only shortly before his first pension check arrived the family. The pension, I was told, was such that it would end upon the death of the retiree. As he put it, "These people were poor as church mice..." but my grandmother, a woman of character and honesty, would not consider keeping the check. She took a bus to the Navy Yard and returned the check. "She said it didn't belong to her," John told me, "so she took it back! They had no money and she gave it back!"
It was a shame that he didn't have the opportunity to share tmore time with his family, to see them grow up to become the adults that they did. It may be "silly thinking" but I like to believe that on some level he does know and was proud.